# The Time in Words

I received a message from HackerRank to solve the The Time in Words challenge. If you try to solve it; as usual; read the description a few times to make sure the boundary conditions are well understood. I was reading some of the discussions and the 1 <= H < 12 constraint was omitted by a couple people.

There is a typo in the specifications which carries into the test cases. Before you submit your solution make sure that “o’clock” is misspelled as “o’ clock” (incorrect space between the apostrophe and the word clock).

Following is the output from the console of the Eclipse IDE using the test cases plus some of my own:

```7
29
6
0
5
59
6
15
6
30
6
45
6
25
6
35
5
47
3
0
5
0
5
1
5
10
5
30
5
40
5
44
5
45
5
46
5
47
5
28
5
29
5
15
1
0
1
1
11
59
-1
07:29
twenty nine minutes past seven
06:00
six o' clock
05:59
one minute to six
06:15
quarter past six
06:30
half past six
06:45
quarter to seven
06:25
twenty five minutes past six
06:35
twenty five minutes to seven
05:47
thirteen minutes to six
03:00
three o' clock
05:00
five o' clock
05:01
one minute past five
05:10
ten minutes past five
05:30
half past five
05:40
twenty minutes to six
05:44
sixteen minutes to six
05:45
quarter to six
05:46
fourteen minutes to six
05:47
thirteen minutes to six
05:28
twenty eight minutes past five
05:29
twenty nine minutes past five
05:15
quarter past five
01:00
one o' clock
01:01
one minute past one
11:59
one minute to twelve
```

The display of the input before each conversion is an artifact of my code which I commented out when I submitted it.

Following is my accepted solution in Java 8:

```import java.util.Scanner;

public class Solution {

static String[] numbers = 	{
"zero",			// 0

"one",			// 1
"two",
"three",
"four",
"five",
"six",
"seven",
"eight",
"nine",
"ten",			// 10

"eleven",		// 11
"twelve",
"thirteen",
"fourteen",
"fifteen",
"sixteen",
"seventeen",
"eighteen",
"nineteen",
"twenty",		// 20

"twenty one",	// 21
"twenty two",
"twenty three",
"twenty four",
"twenty five",
"twenty six",
"twenty seven",
"twenty eight",
"twenty nine"	// 29
};

/**
*
*/
static void toWords(int h, int m) {
String currentTime 	= "";

// **** at hour ****

if (m == 0) {
currentTime = numbers[h] + " o' clock";
}

// **** at quarter past ****

else if (m == 15) {
currentTime = "quarter past " + numbers[h];
}

// **** at half hour ****

else if (m == 30) {
currentTime = "half past " + numbers[h];
}

// **** at quarter before ****

else if (m == 45) {
currentTime = "quarter to " + numbers[h + 1];
}

// **** before half hour ****

else if (m < 30) {
currentTime = numbers[m] + " minute" + (m <= 1 ? "" : "s") + " past " + numbers[h];
}

// **** past half hour ****

else {
currentTime = numbers[60 - m] + " minute" + ((60 - m) <= 1 ? "" : "s") + " to " + numbers[h + 1];
}

// **** display the current time ****

System.out.println(currentTime);
}

/**
* Test code.
*/
public static void main(String[] args) {

// **** open scanner ****

Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);

// **** loop until done ****

while (true) {

// **** read the hour ****

int h = sc.nextInt();
if (h == -1) {
break;
}
sc.nextLine();

// **** read the minutes ****

int m = sc.nextInt();
sc.nextLine();
System.out.printf("%02d:%02d\n", h, m);

// **** convert and display time in words ****

toWords(h, m);
}

// **** close scanner ****

sc.close();
}

}
```

I was going to get more creative with the contents of the numbers[] array but decided I had better things to do (i.e., actual work).

If you have comments or questions regarding this or any other post in this blog, please do not hesitate and send me a message. Will reply as soon as possible and will not use your name unless you explicitly allow me to do so.

Regards;

John

john.canessa@gmail.com